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Series GSE11205 Query DataSets for GSE11205
Status Public on Nov 24, 2008
Title Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3-beta Regulates Glucocorticoid Signaling by Phosphorylating the Glucocorticoid Receptor
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Glucocorticoids (GCs) bind to the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) to regulate diverse biological functions from cell growth to apoptosis. Drugs that mimic their action are the most commonly prescribed therapeutic agents in the world and are currently used for the treatment of many diseases including asthma, autoimmune disorders, and some cancers. However, the mechanisms by which one hormone, via one receptor, modulates such diverse biological functions remain unclear. We hypothesized that epigenetic alteration to the GR may contribute to its signaling diversity, and here we demonstrate that Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3-beta phosphorylates GR on Serine 404 in a glucocorticoid-dependent manner. U-2 OS cells expressing a mutant GR that is incapable of Ser404 phosphorylation have enhanced global transcriptional responses, stronger NF-kappaB transrepression, and enhanced cell death in response to dexamethasone. Conversely, presence of Ser404 phosphorylation on the GR inhibits glucocorticoid-dependent NF-kappaB transrepression and cell death of these osteoblasts. Collectively, our results describe a novel convergence point of the GSK-3-beta pathway with the GR resulting in altered glucocorticoid regulated signaling. Our results also provide a mechanism by which the phosphorylation status of Ser404 in GR can dictate how cells will ultimately respond to GCs.
Keywords: Glucocorticoid Receptor; GSK-3-beta; NF-kappaB Transrepression; Phosphorylation
Overall design U-2 OS cells with stable WT- or S404A-GR expression were treated, in triplicate, with either vehicle or 100nM Dex for 6 hrs and cytoplasmic RNA was harvested (QIAGEN, Valencia, CA). Gene expression analysis was conducted using Agilent Whole Genome Genome 4x44 multiplex format oligo arrays (014850) (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA) following the Agilent 1-color microarray-based gene expression analysis protocol. Starting with 500ng of total RNA, Cy3 labeled cRNA was produced according to manufacturer’s protocol. For each sample, 1.65ug of Cy3 labeled cRNAs were fragmented and hybridized for 17 hours in a rotating hybridization oven. Slides were washed and then scanned with an Agilent Scanner. Data was obtained using the Agilent Feature Extraction software (v9.5), using the 1-color defaults for all parameters. The Agilent Feature Extraction Software performed error modeling, adjusting for additive and multiplicative noise.
Contributor(s) Galliher-Beckley AJ, Williams JG, Collins JB, Cidlowski JA
Citation(s) 18838540
Submission date Apr 17, 2008
Last update date Feb 22, 2018
Contact name NIEHS Microarray Core
Organization name NIEHS
Department DIR
Lab Microarray Core
Street address 111 T.W. Alexander Drive
City RTP
State/province NC
ZIP/Postal code 27709
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL4133 Agilent-014850 Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K G4112F (Feature Number version)
Samples (12)
GSM282121 WTGR(-)::1
GSM282122 WTGR(-)::2
GSM282123 WTGR(-)::3
BioProject PRJNA106807

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE11205_RAW.tar 1.4 Gb (http)(custom) TAR (of TIFF, TXT)
Processed data included within Sample table

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