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Series GSE72122 Query DataSets for GSE72122
Status Public on Nov 23, 2015
Title Fasting protects mice from lethal DNA damage by promoting small intestinal epithelial stem cell survival
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Short-term fasting protects mice from lethal doses of chemotherapy through undetermined mechanisms. Herein, we demonstrate that fasting preserves small intestinal (SI) architecture by maintaining SI stem cell viability and SI barrier function following exposure to high-dose etoposide. Nearly all SI stem cells were lost in fed mice, whereas fasting promoted sufficient SI stem cell survival to preserve SI integrity after etoposide treatment. Lineage tracing identified multiple SI stem cell populations, marked by Lgr5, Bmi1 or HopX expression, that contributed to fasting-induced survival. DNA repair and DNA damage response genes were elevated in SI stem/progenitor cells of fasted etoposide-treated mice, which importantly correlated with faster resolution of DNA double strand breaks and less apoptosis. Thus, fasting preserved SI stem cell viability as well as SI architecture and barrier function suggesting that fasting may reduce host toxicity in patients undergoing dose intensive chemotherapy.
Intestines were harvested 3 h post-etoposide injection, flushed with PBS, and then flushed with ice-cold Methacarn (60% methanol, 30% chloroform, 10% acetic acid) to fix the tissue while preserving RNA integrity. Fixed intestines were rinsed with 70% ethanol, embedded in 2% agar followed by paraffin embedding. Sections were deparrafinized and dehydrated through xylene and an increasing gradient of ethanol. Laser capture microdissection was performed using the Acturus PixCell IIe, with the following settings: spot size power 80, duration 1 ms, repeat 0.2 s, target 0.150 V, current 1.82 mA. RNA was isolated from the CapSure HS LCM Caps (Applied Biosystem) using the PicoPure RNA Isolation kit (Applied Biosystems). All RNA samples were treated with DNaseI (Qiagen).
Overall design Four biological replicates were used for each of the following treatments: Fasted Etoposide, Fed Etoposide. Each group had 2 male and 2 females samples. 4-6 week old Lgr5EGFP-IRES-CreERT2/+ mice were dosed with 80mg/kg etoposide (i.v.).
Contributor(s) Piwnica-Worms H, Piwnica-Worms D, Tinkum KL
Citation(s) 26644583
Submission date Aug 17, 2015
Last update date Nov 01, 2017
Contact name Jinsheng Yu
Organization name Washington University School of Medicine
Department Genetics
Lab GTAC Lab
Street address 660 S. Euclid Ave.
City St. Louis
State/province MO
ZIP/Postal code 63110
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL11202 Agilent-026655 Whole Mouse Genome Microarray 4x44K v2 (Probe Name version)
Samples (8)
GSM1855710 LowerSICrypt_Fasted_Etoposide_3h_m_Rep1
GSM1855711 LowerSICrypt_Fed_Etoposide_3h_m_Rep1
GSM1855712 LowerSICrypt_Fasted_Etoposide_3h_m_Rep2
BioProject PRJNA293104

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE72122_RAW.tar 73.2 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of TXT)
Processed data included within Sample table

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