|Public on Sep 01, 2013
|Comparative gene expression analyses using post-implanted E6.5 cloned embryos
|Expression profiling by array
|The great majority of embryos generated by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) display defined abnormal phenotypes after implantation, such as an increased likelihood of death and abnormal placentation. To gain better insight into the underlying mechanisms, we analyzed genome-wide gene expression profiles of day 6.5 postimplantation mouse embryos cloned from three different cell types (cumulus cells, neonatal Sertoli cells and fibroblasts). The embryos retrieved from the uteri were separated into embryonic (epiblast) and extraembryonic (extraembryonic ectoderm and ectoplacental cone) tissues and were subjected to gene microarray analysis. Genotype- and sex-matched embryos produced by in vitro fertilization (IVF) were used as controls. Principal component analysis revealed that whereas the gene expression patterns in the embryonic tissues varied according to the donor cell type, those in extraembryonic tissues were relatively consistent across all groups. Within each group, the embryonic tissues had more differentially expressed genes (DEGs) (> 2-fold vs. controls) than did the extraembryonic tissues (P < 1.0 × 10–26). In the embryonic tissues, one of the common abnormalities was upregulation of Dlk1, a paternally imprinted gene. This might be a potential cause of the occasional placenta-only conceptuses seen in SCNT-generated mouse embryos (1–5% per embryo transferred in our laboratory), because dysregulation of the same gene is known to cause developmental failure of embryos derived from induced pluripotent stem cells. There were also some DEGs in the extraembryonic tissues, which might explain the poor development of SCNT-derived placentas at early stages, although these alterations were not always statistically significant for all three SCNT groups because of variability. These findings suggest that SCNT affects the embryonic and extraembryonic development differentially and might cause further deterioration in the embryonic lineage in a donor cell-specific manner. This could explain donor cell-dependent variations in cloning efficiency using SCNT.
|Comparative gene expression analyses using post-implanted E6.5 cloned embryos were performed by microarray. Cloned embryos were produced with three different types of donor cells (cumulus cells, neonatal Sertoli cells and fibroblasts). As controls, sex- and genotype-matched embryos produced by in vitro fertilization were used. Each embryos were mechanically dissected into the embryonic and extraembryonic parts at E6.5 and were subjected to gene expression microarray.
|Hirawasa R, Matoba S, Inoue K, Ogura A
|Jul 24, 2013
|Last update date
|Jan 12, 2017
|Bioresource Engineering Division
|Agilent-014868 Whole Mouse Genome Microarray 4x44K G4122F (Probe Name version)
|This SubSeries is part of SuperSeries:
|Donor cell type-specific gene expression in embryonic but not extraembryonic tissues of postimplantation embryos cloned from somatic cells