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Series GSE45235 Query DataSets for GSE45235
Status Public on Jul 30, 2014
Title Marine omega-3 phospholipids suppress hepatic steatosis by a complex inhibition of biosynthetic pathways in dietary obese mice
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Background & Aims: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease accompanies obesity and is independently associated with cardiovascular disease. Omega-3 fatty acids, such as docosahexaenoic (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic (EPA) acid, reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease due to their anti-inflammatory and hypolipidemic effects. Recent data suggested that metabolic effects of EPA/DHA as marine phospholipids could be stronger than triglycerides (fish oil). We characterised the mechanisms underlying beneficial effects of EPA/DHA phospholipids alone or in combination with antidiabetic drugs on hepatosteatosis in dietary obese mice. Methods: Male C57BL/6N mice were fed for 7 weeks a corn oil-based high-fat diet (cHF) or subjected to cHF-based interventions: (i) cHF with DHA/EPA as phosphatidylcholine-rich concentrate replacing ~10 % of dietary lipids (PC); ii) cHF with a low-dose of thiazolidinedione rosiglitazone (10 mg/kg diet), which retains some of the beneficial effects but also potentiates hepatic lipid accumulation (R); and iii) PC+R. Metabolic profiling together with hepatic gene expression and lipidomic analyses were performed.
Results: PC and PC+R prevented weight gain and glucose intolerance induced by cHF, while all interventions reduced abdominal fat and plasma triglycerides. In contrast to R, PC and PC+R lowered hepatic and plasma cholesterol and eliminated hepatosteatosis. Hepatic microarray analysis primarily revealed a complex downregulation of lipogenic and cholesterol biosynthesis pathways by PC. Lipidomic analysis identified arachidonic acid, DHA and EPA in hepatic phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine fractions as the most important variables. Importantly, down-regulation of genes within these pathways was enlarged by phospholipid versus triglyceride forms of EPA/DHA in an independent experiment. Conclusions: Obesity-associated hepatosteatosis and hypercholesterolemia were ameliorated by marine phospholipids in association with a complex inhibition of biosynthetic pathways in liver. Stronger effects of phospholipids versus triglyceride form of EPA/DHA suggest their preferential use in the prevention and possible treatment of obesity-associated metabolic hepatic dysfunctions.
Overall design C57BL/6N wildtype male mice, aged 3 months and fed chow, received for 7 weeks a control corn oil-based high-fat diet (cHF), or one of the cHF supplementations: 1) ~7 % of dietary lipids was replaced by the EPA and DHA concentrate in the form of omega-3 phospholipids rich in phosphatidylcholine (PC); 2) low dose rosiglitazone (R); and 3) both PC and rosiglitazone (PC+R). After sacrification, liver was immediately dissected and snap frozen in liquid nitrogen. Total RNA was isolated, quantified and qualified, and subsequently used for global gene expression profiling using Agilent 4x44K microarrays. Based on raw MA-plots, we excluded one HF and one R array sample before normalization.
Contributor(s) van Schothorst E, Mandrikova D, Rossmeisl M, Keijer J, Kopecky J
Citation(s) 24295779
Submission date Mar 18, 2013
Last update date Jan 19, 2018
Contact name Evert M. van Schothorst
Organization name Wageningen University
Lab Human and Animal Physiology
Street address De Elst 1
City Wageningen
ZIP/Postal code 6708 WD
Country Netherlands
Platforms (1)
GPL10333 Agilent-026655 Whole Mouse Genome Microarray 4x44K v2 (Feature Number version)
Samples (29)
GSM1099575 cHF control, replicate 1
GSM1099576 cHF control, replicate 2
GSM1099577 cHF control, replicate 3
BioProject PRJNA193303

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE45235_RAW.tar 441.7 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of TXT)
Processed data included within Sample table

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