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Series GSE33526 Query DataSets for GSE33526
Status Public on Nov 08, 2011
Title Normal breast tissue of obese women is enriched for macrophage markers and macrophage-associated gene expression
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Activation of inflammatory pathways is one plausible mechanism underlying the association between obesity and increased breast cancer risk. However, macrophage infiltration and local biomarkers of inflammation in breast adipose tissue have seldom been studied in association with obesity. Gene expression profiles of normal breast tissue from reduction mammoplasty patients were evaluated by whole genome microarrays to identify patterns associated with obesity status (normal-weight, body mass index (BMI) <25; overweight, BMI 25-29.9; obese, BMI > or equal to 30). The presence of macrophage-enriched inflammatory loci with immunopositivity for CD68 protein was evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC). After adjusting for confounding by age, 760 genes were differentially expressed (203 up and 557 down; FDR = 0.026) between normal-weight and obese women. Gene ontology analysis suggested significant enrichment for pathways involving IL-6, IL-8, CCR5 signaling in macrophages and RXRalpha and PPARalpha activation, consistent with a pro-inflammatory state and suggestive of macrophage infiltration. Gene set enrichment analysis also demonstrated that the genomic signatures of monocytes and macrophages were over-represented in the obese group with FDR of 0.08 and 0.13, respectively. Increased macrophage infiltration was confirmed by IHC, which showed that the breast adipose tissue of obese women had higher average macrophage counts (mean = 8.96 vs. 3.56 in normal-weight women) and inflammatory foci counts (mean = 4.91 vs. 2.67 in normal-weight women). Obesity is associated with local inflammation and macrophage infiltration in normal human breast adipose tissues. Given the role of macrophages in carcinogenesis, these findings have important implications for breast cancer etiology and progression.
Overall design 72 normal breast tissue samples from patients undergoing reduction mammoplasty. Reference design.
Contributor(s) Sun X, Casbas-Hernandez P, Bigelow C, Makowski L, Jerry DJ, Schneider SS, Troester MA
Citation(s) 22002519, 22859400
Submission date Nov 07, 2011
Last update date Feb 22, 2018
Contact name Melissa Troester
Organization name University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Department Epidemiology
Street address 135 Dauer Drive, CB 7435
City Chapel Hill
State/province NC
ZIP/Postal code 27599
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL4133 Agilent-014850 Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K G4112F (Feature Number version)
Samples (72)
GSM775419 UMA07063
GSM775420 UMA07064
GSM775421 UMA07065
BioProject PRJNA148793

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE33526_RAW.tar 6.9 Mb (http)(custom) TAR
Processed data included within Sample table

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