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Series GSE100959 Query DataSets for GSE100959
Status Public on Aug 14, 2017
Title rahu is a mutant allele of Dnmt3c, encoding a DNA methyltransferase homolog required for meiosis and transposon repression in the mouse male germline [WGBS]
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Methylation profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Transcriptional silencing by heritable cytosine-5 methylation is an ancient strategy to repress transposable elements. It was previously thought that mammals possess four DNA methyltransferase paralogs—Dnmt1, Dnmt3a, Dnmt3b and Dnmt3l—that establish and maintain cytosine-5 methylation. Here we identify a fifth paralog, Dnmt3c, that is essential for retrotransposon methylation and repression in the mouse male germline. From a phenotype-based forward genetics screen, we isolated a mutant mouse called ‘rahu’, which displays severe defects in double-strand-break repair and homologous chromosome synapsis during male meiosis, resulting in sterility. rahu is an allele of a transcription unit (Gm14490, renamed Dnmt3c) that was previously mis-annotated as a Dnmt3-family pseudogene. Dnmt3c encodes a cytosine methyltransferase homolog, and Dnmt3crahu mutants harbor a non-synonymous mutation of a conserved residue within one of its cytosine methyltransferase motifs, similar to a mutation in human DNMT3B observed in patients with immunodeficiency, centromeric instability and facial anomalies syndrome. The rahu mutation lies at a potential dimerization interface and near the potential DNA binding interface, suggesting that it compromises protein-protein and/or protein-DNA interactions required for normal DNMT3C function in vivo. Dnmt3crahu mutant males fail to establish normal methylation within LINE and LTR retrotransposon sequences in the germline and accumulate higher levels of transposon-derived transcripts and proteins, particularly from distinct L1 and ERVK retrotransposon families. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that Dnmt3c arose during rodent evolution by tandem duplication of Dnmt3b, after the divergence of the Dipodoidea and Muroidea superfamilies. These findings provide insight into the evolutionary dynamics and functional specialization of the transposon suppression machinery critical for mammalian sexual reproduction and epigenetic regulation.
Overall design Six samples total: Dnmt3c+/+ (three biological replicates) and Dnmt3crahu/rahu (three biological replicates) mice aged 12 days post partum
Contributor(s) Jain D, Meydan C, Lange J, Bouuaert CC, Mason CE, Anderson KV, Keeney S
Citation(s) 28854222
Submission date Jul 08, 2017
Last update date Jul 25, 2021
Contact name Cem Meydan
Organization name Weill Cornell Medical College
Department Physiology & Biophysics
Lab Melnick Lab & Mason Lab
Street address 1305 York
City New York
State/province New York
ZIP/Postal code 10065
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL21273 HiSeq X Ten (Mus musculus)
Samples (6)
GSM2698070 Dnmt3c+/+ mouse w′
GSM2698071 Dnmt3c+/+ mouse u′
GSM2698072 Dnmt3c+/+ mouse v′
This SubSeries is part of SuperSeries:
GSE100960 rahu is a mutant allele of Dnmt3c, encoding a DNA methyltransferase homolog required for meiosis and transposon repression in the mouse male germline
BioProject PRJNA393536
SRA SRP111384

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GSE100959_RAW.tar 1.9 Gb (http)(custom) TAR (of TXT)
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Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data provided as supplementary file

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