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Series GSE100297 Query DataSets for GSE100297
Status Public on Dec 23, 2017
Title Human optic chiasm from healthy controls and multiple sclerosis patients
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Changes in gene expression that occur across the entire central nervous system (CNS) during disease do not take into account variability from one CNS region to another and can be confounded by alterations in cellular composition during disease. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by cell proliferation, migration and damage in various cell types in different CNS regions and causes disabilities related to distinct neurological pathways, such as walking, vision and cognition. Here, a cell-specific and region-specific transcriptomic approach was used to determine changes in gene expression in astrocytes derived from spinal cord, cerebellum, cerebral cortex, and hippocampus in the preclinical MS model, chronic experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). RNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis showed that changes in gene expression pathways in astrocytes differed between neuroanatomic regions. Further, while astrocytes from spinal cord showed increased expression of immune pathway genes during EAE, cholesterol biosynthesis pathway genes were decreased. Translating these findings from the preclinical model to humans, optic nerve from EAE and optic chiasm from MS each showed a significant decrease in cholesterol biosynthesis pathways. Finally, a treatment targeting cholesterol homeostasis in astrocytes was protective in EAE, suggesting a novel neuroprotective strategy for MS. Using a cell-specific and region-specific gene expression approach can provide therapeutically relevant insights into mechanisms underlying specific disabilities in complex multifocal neurological diseases.
Overall design Five MS patients (average age = 57.6 years) and five age-matched healthy controls (average age = 56.2 years) fresh frozen autopsy optic chiasm tissue samples were obtained from Human Brain and Spinal Fluid Research Center in Los Angeles.
Contributor(s) Itoh N, Itoh Y, Tassoni A, Ren E, Kaito M, Ohno A, Ao Y, Johnsonbaugh H, Burda J, Sofroniew MV, Voskuhl RR
Citation(s) 29279367
Submission date Jun 21, 2017
Last update date May 15, 2019
Contact name Yuichiro Itoh
Phone 3102068999
Organization name UCLA
Department Neurology
Street address 635 Charles E. Young Drive South
City Los Angeles
State/province California
ZIP/Postal code 90095
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL21290 Illumina HiSeq 3000 (Homo sapiens)
Samples (10)
GSM2677508 MS36Opt
GSM2677509 MS42Opt
GSM2677510 MS48Opt
This SubSeries is part of SuperSeries:
GSE100330 Multiple sclerosis and EAE
BioProject PRJNA391285
SRA SRP110016

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SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE100297_hg19.gene_MS_Opt.txt.gz 587.2 Kb (ftp)(http) TXT
GSE100297_hg19.gene_NL_Opt.txt.gz 581.3 Kb (ftp)(http) TXT
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