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Joubert syndrome 27(JBTS27)

MedGen UID:
934673
Concept ID:
C4310706
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: JBTS27
 
Gene (location): B9D1 (17p11.2)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0014927
OMIM®: 617120

Disease characteristics

Excerpted from the GeneReview: Joubert Syndrome
Classic Joubert syndrome (JS) is characterized by three primary findings: A distinctive cerebellar and brain stem malformation called the molar tooth sign (MTS). Hypotonia. Developmental delays. Often these findings are accompanied by episodic tachypnea or apnea and/or atypical eye movements. In general, the breathing abnormalities improve with age, truncal ataxia develops over time, and acquisition of gross motor milestones is delayed. Cognitive abilities are variable, ranging from severe intellectual disability to normal. Additional findings can include retinal dystrophy, renal disease, ocular colobomas, occipital encephalocele, hepatic fibrosis, polydactyly, oral hamartomas, and endocrine abnormalities. Both intra- and interfamilial variation are seen. [from GeneReviews]
Authors:
Melissa Parisi  |  Ian Glass   view full author information

Clinical features

From HPO
Dilatation of the renal pelvis
MedGen UID:
574571
Concept ID:
C0341676
Disease or Syndrome
The presence of dilatation of the renal pelvis.
Polydactyly
MedGen UID:
57774
Concept ID:
C0152427
Congenital Abnormality
A congenital anomaly characterized by the presence of supernumerary fingers or toes.
Cerebellar ataxia
MedGen UID:
849
Concept ID:
C0007758
Disease or Syndrome
Cerebellar ataxia refers to ataxia due to dysfunction of the cerebellum. This causes a variety of elementary neurological deficits including asynergy (lack of coordination between muscles, limbs and joints), dysmetria (lack of ability to judge distances that can lead to under- or overshoot in grasping movements), and dysdiadochokinesia (inability to perform rapid movements requiring antagonizing muscle groups to be switched on and off repeatedly).
Global developmental delay
MedGen UID:
107838
Concept ID:
C0557874
Finding
A delay in the achievement of motor or mental milestones in the domains of development of a child, including motor skills, speech and language, cognitive skills, and social and emotional skills. This term should only be used to describe children younger than five years of age.
Gait ataxia
MedGen UID:
155642
Concept ID:
C0751837
Sign or Symptom
A type of ataxia characterized by the impairment of the ability to coordinate the movements required for normal walking. Gait ataxia is characteirzed by a wide-based staggering gait with a tendency to fall.
Molar tooth sign on MRI
MedGen UID:
400670
Concept ID:
C1865060
Finding
An abnormal appearance of the midbrain in axial magnetic resonance imaging in which the elongated superior cerebellar peduncles give the midbrain an appearance reminiscent of a molar or wisdom tooth.
Oculomotor apraxia
MedGen UID:
483686
Concept ID:
C3489733
Disease or Syndrome
Ocular motor apraxia is a deficiency in voluntary, horizontal, lateral, fast eye movements (saccades) with retention of slow pursuit movements. The inability to follow objects visually is often compensated by head movements. There may be decreased smooth pursuit, and cancelation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex.
Intellectual disability
MedGen UID:
811461
Concept ID:
C3714756
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Intellectual disability, previously referred to as mental retardation, is characterized by subnormal intellectual functioning that occurs during the developmental period. It is defined by an IQ score below 70.
Hypotonia
MedGen UID:
10133
Concept ID:
C0026827
Finding
Hypotonia is an abnormally low muscle tone (the amount of tension or resistance to movement in a muscle). Even when relaxed, muscles have a continuous and passive partial contraction which provides some resistance to passive stretching. Hypotonia thus manifests as diminished resistance to passive stretching. Hypotonia is not the same as muscle weakness, although the two conditions can co-exist.
Frontal bossing
MedGen UID:
67453
Concept ID:
C0221354
Congenital Abnormality
Bilateral bulging of the lateral frontal bone prominences with relative sparing of the midline.
Axial hypotonia
MedGen UID:
342959
Concept ID:
C1853743
Finding
Muscular hypotonia (abnormally low muscle tone) affecting the musculature of the trunk.
Triangular face
MedGen UID:
324383
Concept ID:
C1835884
Finding
Facial contour, as viewed from the front, triangular in shape, with breadth at the temples and tapering to a narrow chin.
Thick lower lip vermilion
MedGen UID:
326567
Concept ID:
C1839739
Finding
Increased thickness of the lower lip, leading to a prominent appearance of the lower lip. The height of the vermilion of the lower lip in the midline is more than 2 SD above the mean. Alternatively, an apparently increased height of the vermilion of the lower lip in the frontal view (subjective).
Retinopathy
MedGen UID:
11209
Concept ID:
C0035309
Disease or Syndrome
Any noninflammatory disease of the retina. This nonspecific term is retained here because of its wide use in the literature, but if possible new annotations should indicate the precise type of retinal abnormality.
Esodeviation
MedGen UID:
1641033
Concept ID:
C4551734
Disease or Syndrome
A manifest or latent ocular deviation in which one or both eyes tends to deviate nasally.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Yamasaki M, Nonaka M, Bamba Y, Teramoto C, Ban C, Pooh RK
Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 2012 Dec;17(6):330-5. Epub 2012 Oct 23 doi: 10.1016/j.siny.2012.07.004. PMID: 23089488

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Gafner M, Garel C, Leibovitz Z, Valence S, Krajden Haratz K, Oegema R, Mancini GMS, Heron D, Bueltmann E, Burglen L, Rodriguez D, Huisman TAGM, Lequin MH, Arad A, Kidron D, Muqary M, Gindes L, Lev D, Boltshauser E, Lerman-Sagie T
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2023 Mar;44(3):334-340. Epub 2023 Feb 23 doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A7805. PMID: 36822823Free PMC Article
Surl D, Shin S, Lee ST, Choi JR, Lee J, Byeon SH, Han SH, Lim HT, Han J
Mol Vis 2020;26:26-35. Epub 2020 Feb 24 PMID: 32165824Free PMC Article
Vilboux T, Doherty DA, Glass IA, Parisi MA, Phelps IG, Cullinane AR, Zein W, Brooks BP, Heller T, Soldatos A, Oden NL, Yildirimli D, Vemulapalli M, Mullikin JC, Nisc Comparative Sequencing Program, Malicdan MCV, Gahl WA, Gunay-Aygun M
Genet Med 2017 Aug;19(8):875-882. Epub 2017 Jan 26 doi: 10.1038/gim.2016.204. PMID: 28125082
Bachmann-Gagescu R, Dempsey JC, Phelps IG, O'Roak BJ, Knutzen DM, Rue TC, Ishak GE, Isabella CR, Gorden N, Adkins J, Boyle EA, de Lacy N, O'Day D, Alswaid A, Ramadevi A R, Lingappa L, Lourenço C, Martorell L, Garcia-Cazorla À, Ozyürek H, Haliloğlu G, Tuysuz B, Topçu M; University of Washington Center for Mendelian Genomics, Chance P, Parisi MA, Glass IA, Shendure J, Doherty D
J Med Genet 2015 Aug;52(8):514-22. Epub 2015 Jun 19 doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2015-103087. PMID: 26092869Free PMC Article
Yamasaki M, Nonaka M, Bamba Y, Teramoto C, Ban C, Pooh RK
Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 2012 Dec;17(6):330-5. Epub 2012 Oct 23 doi: 10.1016/j.siny.2012.07.004. PMID: 23089488

Diagnosis

Gafner M, Garel C, Leibovitz Z, Valence S, Krajden Haratz K, Oegema R, Mancini GMS, Heron D, Bueltmann E, Burglen L, Rodriguez D, Huisman TAGM, Lequin MH, Arad A, Kidron D, Muqary M, Gindes L, Lev D, Boltshauser E, Lerman-Sagie T
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2023 Mar;44(3):334-340. Epub 2023 Feb 23 doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A7805. PMID: 36822823Free PMC Article
Harion M, Qebibo L, Riquet A, Rougeot C, Afenjar A, Garel C, Louha M, Lacaze E, Audic-Gérard F, Barth M, Berquin P, Bonneau D, Bourdain F, Busa T, Colin E, Cuisset JM, Des Portes V, Dorison N, Francannet C, Héron B, Laroche C, Lebrun M, Métreau J, Odent S, Pasquier L, Trujillo YP, Perrin L, Pinson L, Rivier F, Sigaudy S, Thauvin-Robinet C, Louvier UW, Labayle O, Rodriguez D, Valence S, Burglen L
J Med Genet 2023 Jun;60(6):578-586. Epub 2022 Nov 1 doi: 10.1136/jmg-2022-108754. PMID: 36319078
Best S, Lord J, Roche M, Watson CM, Poulter JA, Bevers RPJ, Stuckey A, Szymanska K, Ellingford JM, Carmichael J, Brittain H, Toomes C, Inglehearn C, Johnson CA, Wheway G; Genomics England Research Consortium
J Med Genet 2022 Aug;59(8):737-747. Epub 2021 Oct 29 doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2021-108065. PMID: 34716235Free PMC Article
Simonini C, Floeck A, Strizek B, Mueller A, Gembruch U, Geipel A
Arch Gynecol Obstet 2022 Jul;306(1):71-83. Epub 2021 Oct 1 doi: 10.1007/s00404-021-06265-7. PMID: 34596737Free PMC Article
Bachmann-Gagescu R, Dempsey JC, Phelps IG, O'Roak BJ, Knutzen DM, Rue TC, Ishak GE, Isabella CR, Gorden N, Adkins J, Boyle EA, de Lacy N, O'Day D, Alswaid A, Ramadevi A R, Lingappa L, Lourenço C, Martorell L, Garcia-Cazorla À, Ozyürek H, Haliloğlu G, Tuysuz B, Topçu M; University of Washington Center for Mendelian Genomics, Chance P, Parisi MA, Glass IA, Shendure J, Doherty D
J Med Genet 2015 Aug;52(8):514-22. Epub 2015 Jun 19 doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2015-103087. PMID: 26092869Free PMC Article

Therapy

Chen L, Uchida H, Komine R, Kodama T, Nakao T, Okada N, Yanagi Y, Shimizu S, Abbas S, Fukuda A, Sakamoto S, Kasahara M
Pediatr Transplant 2024 Feb;28(1):e14640. Epub 2023 Nov 15 doi: 10.1111/petr.14640. PMID: 37965976

Prognosis

Best S, Lord J, Roche M, Watson CM, Poulter JA, Bevers RPJ, Stuckey A, Szymanska K, Ellingford JM, Carmichael J, Brittain H, Toomes C, Inglehearn C, Johnson CA, Wheway G; Genomics England Research Consortium
J Med Genet 2022 Aug;59(8):737-747. Epub 2021 Oct 29 doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2021-108065. PMID: 34716235Free PMC Article
Zhu L, Xie L
Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(51):e8626. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000008626. PMID: 29390414Free PMC Article
Vilboux T, Doherty DA, Glass IA, Parisi MA, Phelps IG, Cullinane AR, Zein W, Brooks BP, Heller T, Soldatos A, Oden NL, Yildirimli D, Vemulapalli M, Mullikin JC, Nisc Comparative Sequencing Program, Malicdan MCV, Gahl WA, Gunay-Aygun M
Genet Med 2017 Aug;19(8):875-882. Epub 2017 Jan 26 doi: 10.1038/gim.2016.204. PMID: 28125082
Erol S, Demirel N, Bas AY, Ozcan B, Celik IH, Isik DU
Genet Couns 2016;27(3):367-371. PMID: 30204965
Yamasaki M, Nonaka M, Bamba Y, Teramoto C, Ban C, Pooh RK
Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 2012 Dec;17(6):330-5. Epub 2012 Oct 23 doi: 10.1016/j.siny.2012.07.004. PMID: 23089488

Clinical prediction guides

Best S, Lord J, Roche M, Watson CM, Poulter JA, Bevers RPJ, Stuckey A, Szymanska K, Ellingford JM, Carmichael J, Brittain H, Toomes C, Inglehearn C, Johnson CA, Wheway G; Genomics England Research Consortium
J Med Genet 2022 Aug;59(8):737-747. Epub 2021 Oct 29 doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2021-108065. PMID: 34716235Free PMC Article
Simonini C, Floeck A, Strizek B, Mueller A, Gembruch U, Geipel A
Arch Gynecol Obstet 2022 Jul;306(1):71-83. Epub 2021 Oct 1 doi: 10.1007/s00404-021-06265-7. PMID: 34596737Free PMC Article
Seixas C, Choi SY, Polgar N, Umberger NL, East MP, Zuo X, Moreiras H, Ghossoub R, Benmerah A, Kahn RA, Fogelgren B, Caspary T, Lipschutz JH, Barral DC
Mol Biol Cell 2016 Jan 15;27(2):308-20. Epub 2015 Nov 18 doi: 10.1091/mbc.E15-02-0061. PMID: 26582389Free PMC Article
Bachmann-Gagescu R, Dempsey JC, Phelps IG, O'Roak BJ, Knutzen DM, Rue TC, Ishak GE, Isabella CR, Gorden N, Adkins J, Boyle EA, de Lacy N, O'Day D, Alswaid A, Ramadevi A R, Lingappa L, Lourenço C, Martorell L, Garcia-Cazorla À, Ozyürek H, Haliloğlu G, Tuysuz B, Topçu M; University of Washington Center for Mendelian Genomics, Chance P, Parisi MA, Glass IA, Shendure J, Doherty D
J Med Genet 2015 Aug;52(8):514-22. Epub 2015 Jun 19 doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2015-103087. PMID: 26092869Free PMC Article
Travaglini L, Brancati F, Silhavy J, Iannicelli M, Nickerson E, Elkhartoufi N, Scott E, Spencer E, Gabriel S, Thomas S, Ben-Zeev B, Bertini E, Boltshauser E, Chaouch M, Cilio MR, de Jong MM, Kayserili H, Ogur G, Poretti A, Signorini S, Uziel G, Zaki MS; International JSRD Study Group, Johnson C, Attié-Bitach T, Gleeson JG, Valente EM
Eur J Hum Genet 2013 Oct;21(10):1074-8. Epub 2013 Feb 6 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2012.305. PMID: 23386033Free PMC Article

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