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Sample GSM5986771 Query DataSets for GSM5986771
Status Public on Dec 21, 2022
Title Input_H3K4ChIP_Rep2_24hr
Sample type SRA
 
Source name Input sample for H3K4me3 ChIP-seq in dTAG-SET1A/B cells depleted of dTAG-SET1A and dTAG-SET1B for 24hr.
Organisms Drosophila melanogaster; Mus musculus
Characteristics cell line: dTAG-SET1A/B
condition: Input sample for H3K4me3 ChIP-seq in dTAG-SET1A/B cells depleted of dTAG-SET1A and dTAG-SET1B for 24hr.
treatment: 100 nM dTAG13
treatment time: 24hr
replicate: 2
spike-in reference organism: Drosophila melanogaster
spike-in cell line: SG4
type of chip: Native
ChIP: Input
antibody: None
Treatment protocol Cell lines expressing dTAG fusion proteins were treated with 100 nM dTAG-13 (produced by Behnam Nabet and Nathanael Gray1 or Carole Bataille and Angela Russell) to induce protein depletion.
Growth protocol Mouse embryonic stem cells were grown in Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium (Thermo Fisher Scientific) supplemented with fetal bovine serum (FBS, 15% Biosera or 10% Sigma), 1x non-essential amino acids (Thermo Fisher Scientific), 2 mM L-glutamine (Thermo Fisher Scientific), 1x penicillin/streptomycin (Thermo Fisher Scientific), 0.5 mM beta-mercaptoethanol (Thermo Fisher Scientific), and 10 ng/ml leukaemia inhibitory factor (produced in-house). ESCs were grown on gelatinised plates at 37⁰C and 5% CO2.
Extracted molecule genomic DNA
Extraction protocol Native cChIP-seq was performed as described previously (Fursova et al. 2019). In brief, 5 x 107 ESCs were mixed with 2 x 107 Drosophila SG4 cells and nuclei were released by resuspending in RSB (10 mM Tris HCl pH 8, 10 mM NaCl, 3 mM MgCl2) with 0.1% NP40. Nuclei were pelleted at 1500xg for 5 min and then washed and resuspended in 1 ml MNase digestion buffer (RSB with 0.25 M Sucrose, 3 mM CaCl2, 1x PIC). Each sample was incubated with 200 units of MNase (Fermentas) at 37⁰C for 5 minutes, with gentle inversion. Digestion was stopped by addition of 4 mM EDTA. Following centrifugation at 1500xg for 5 min, the supernatant (S1 fraction) was retained and the remaining pellet was resuspended in 300 μl nucleosome release buffer (10 mM Tris HCl pH 7.5, 10 mM NaCl, 0.2 mM EDTA, 1x PIC), rotated at 4⁰C for 1 hr and then passed five times through a 27G needle using a 1 ml syringe. Following centrifugation at 1500xg for 5 min, the supernatant (S2) was combined with S1 fraction, aliquoted, snap frozen and stored at -80°C. For each IP, 100 μl S1/S2 nucleosomes were diluted to 1 ml total volume in native ChIP incubation buffer (70 mM NaCl, 10 mM Tris HCl, pH 7.5, 2 mM MgCl2, 2 mM EDTA, 0.1 % Triton-X100, 1x PIC) and immunoprecipitated with 3 µl H3K4me3 antibody (Klose Lab) overnight at 4⁰C. IPs were all set up in duplicate for each sample. 100 μl diluted chromatin was also set aside as an input sample. Protein A agarose beads (Repligen) were blocked with 1 mg/ml BSA and 1 mg/ml yeast tRNA in native ChIP incubation buffer, overnight at 4⁰C. 40 μl slurry of pre-blocked agarose beads were used to capture antibody-bound nucleosomes at 4⁰C for 1 hr. Beads were then washed 4x with Native ChIP wash buffer (20 mM Tris HCl, pH 7.5, 2 mM EDTA, 125 mM NaCl, 0.1 % Triton-X100, 1x PIC) and 1x TE buffer, pH 8. DNA was eluted by vortexing for 30 min in elution buffer (1% SDS and 0.1 M NaHCO3) and DNA was purified using a ChIP DNA Clean & Concentrator kit (Zymo Research). For each ChIP, DNA from the matched input control (10% of the IP) was also purified. Purified DNA was analysed using ChIP-qPCR. For double cross-linked T7-SET1A ChIP and ZC3H4-T7 ChIP, 5 x 107 ESCs were fixed with 2 mM DSG (disuccinimidyl glutarate, Thermo Fisher Scientific) for 50 min at 25⁰C and then 1% formaldehyde (methanol-free, Thermo Fisher Scientific) for 10 min. Alternatively, for single cross-linked RNA Pol II ChIP, 5 x 107 ESCs were fixed with 1% formaldehyde for 10 min at 25⁰C. Fixation was quenched using glycine added to 125 mM. Cells were then pelleted at 1000xg for 5 min and washed with PBS. Cross-linked ESCs were mixed with 1 x 105 cross-linked HEK 293T/T7-SCC1 cells (1% formaldehyde, 15 min for SET1A ChIP; a gift from Martin Houlard, Nasmyth lab) or 2 x 106 cross-linked HEK 293T cells (1% formaldehyde, 10 min for RNA Pol II ChIP). Chromatin was prepared by incubation in 1 ml FA-lysis buffer (50 mM HEPES pH 7.9, 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 0.5 mM EGTA, 0.5% NP-40, 0.1% Na-deoxycholate, 0.1% SDS, 1x PIC, 1 mM AEBSF. For RNA Pol II ChIP, EDTA concentration was increased to 2 mM and 10 mM NaF was added fresh) on ice for 10 min. Chromatin was sonicated using a BioRuptor Pico sonicator (Diagenode) at 4⁰C. Sonication was performed using 23-30 cycles of 30s on/30s off at full power, shearing genomic DNA to an average size of 0.5 kb. The sonicated material was pelleted at 20,000xg for 20 min, and the supernatant taken as sonicated chromatin. 300 μg chromatin was used per IP. Chromatin was diluted to 1 ml total volume per IP in FA-lysis buffer. An additional volume of diluted chromatin was taken to use as an input sample. Protein A agarose beads (Repligen) were blocked with 1 mg/ml BSA and 1 mg/ml yeast tRNA in 1x TE buffer at 4⁰C for 1 hr. Chromatin was pre-cleared with agarose beads (40 μl slurry beads per ChIP) at 4⁰C for 1 - 2 hr. The input sample was taken from the pre-cleared chromatin, and the remainder was immunoprecipitated overnight at 4⁰C with the appropriate amount of antibody: T7 (Cell Signalling, D9E1X, 10µl) or RNA Pol II N-terminal domain (Cell Signalling, D8L4Y, 15µl). Antibody-bound chromatin was precipitated for 3 hr at 4⁰C using 40 μl slurry of blocked Protein A agarose beads. Washes were carried out for 5 min each at 4⁰C, using FA-lysis buffer, FA-lysis buffer with 500 mM NaCl, 1x DOC buffer (10 mM Tris HCl, pH 8, 250 mM LiCl, 1 mM EDTA (2 mM EDTA for RNA Pol II ChIP), 0.5% NP-40, 0.5% Na-deoxycholate), and 2 washes with TE buffer (1x PIC and 1 mM AEBSF were added fresh to all wash buffers. 10 mM NaF was also added for RNA Pol II ChIP). DNA was eluted by vortexing for 30 min in elution buffer (1% SDS and 0.1 M NaHCO3). Cross-links were reversed for ChIPs and inputs at 65⁰C overnight with 200 mM NaCl and 2 μl RNase A (Sigma). Samples were then incubated with 20 μg Proteinase K for 1 hr at 45⁰C. DNA for ChIPs and inputs was purified using a ChIP DNA Clean & Concentrator kit (Zymo Research). Purified DNA was analysed using ChIP-qPCR.
cChIP-seq libraries for both ChIP and Input samples were prepared using NEBNext Ultra II DNA Library Prep Kit for Illumina, following manufacturer’s guidelines. Samples were indexed using NEBNext Multiplex Oligos. The average size and concentration of all libraries were analysed using the 2100 Bioanalyzer High Sensitivity DNA Kit (Agilent) followed by qPCR quantification using SensiMix SYBR (Bioline, UK) and KAPA Illumina DNA standards (Roche). Libraries were sequenced as 40 bp paired-end reads in biological triplicate on Illumina NextSeq 500 platform.
 
Library strategy ChIP-Seq
Library source genomic
Library selection ChIP
Instrument model Illumina NextSeq 500
 
Data processing For cChIP-seq, paired-end reads were aligned to the concatenated mouse mm10 and spike-in genomes (mm10+dm6 for Native cChIP and mm10+hg19 for cross-linked cChIP) using Bowtie2 with the ‘-no-mixed’ and ‘-no-discordant’ options. Reads that mapped more than once were discarded and PCR duplicates were removed using Sambamba.
Sequencing datasets were calibrated to the spike-in Drosophila or human genomes, as described previously (Fursova et al. 2019). For cChIP-seq, the number of mm10 reads were randomly downsampled to reflect the total number of dm6 or hg19 reads in that sample. Furthermore, to adjust for any variation in cell mixing, each sample was adjusted using the percentage of dm6 reads relative to mm10 reads in the relevant input sample. After normalisation, read coverages for individual biological replicates were compared across regions of interest using the multiBamSummary and plotCorrelation functions from deepTools. Biological replicates correlated well with each other and were merged for subsequent analysis. Genome coverage tracks were generated using the pileup function from MACS2.
Assembly: mm10; dm6; hg19
Supplementary files format and content: bigWig files showing the genome coverage for merged spike-in normalised biological replicates were generated using the pileup function from MACS2.
 
Submission date Mar 30, 2022
Last update date Dec 21, 2022
Contact name Emilia Dimitrova
E-mail(s) emilia.dimitrova@bioch.ox.ac.uk
Organization name University of Oxford
Department Biochemistry
Lab Rob Klose
Street address South Parks Road
City Oxford
ZIP/Postal code OX1 3QU
Country United Kingdom
 
Platform ID GPL25537
Series (2)
GSE199801 A CpG island-encoded mechanism protects genes from premature transcription termination [SET1_ChIPseq]
GSE199805 A CpG island-encoded mechanism protects genes from premature transcription termination
Relations
BioSample SAMN27110440
SRA SRX14672157

Supplementary data files not provided
SRA Run SelectorHelp
Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data are available on Series record

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