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Sample GSM4929410 Query DataSets for GSM4929410
Status Public on May 03, 2021
Title Bap1flfl_H3K27ac_ChIPseq_OHT_rep4
Sample type SRA
 
Source name mESCs with Drosophila spike-in, tamoxifen-treated (96hr OHT), H3K27ac ChIP-seq
Organisms Drosophila melanogaster; Mus musculus
Characteristics cell line: Bap1fl/fl
cell type: mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs)
genotype: Bap1fl/fl; Rosa26::ERT2-Cre
clone: 7-5;7-2
strain: E14TG2a
replicate: 4
treatment agent: tamoxifen (OHT)
treatment time point: 96 hr
spike-in reference organism: Drosophila melanogaster
spike-in cell line: SG4
ChIP: H3K27ac
antibody: Cell Signaling Technology(#D5E4)
Treatment protocol To induce conditional removal of BAP1, Bap1fl/fl mESCs were treated with 800 nM 4-hydroxytamoxifen (OHT) for 96 hr.
Growth protocol Mouse embryonic stem cells were grown on gelatin-coated plates at 37°C and 5% CO2, in Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) supplemented with 15% fetal bovine serum (Labtech), 2 mM L-glutamine (Life Technologies), 1x penicillin-streptomycin solution (Life Technologies), 1x non-essential amino acids (Life Technologies), 0.5 mM beta-mercaptoethanol (Life Technologies), and 10 ng/mL leukemia inhibitory factor. ). Drosophila S2 (SG4) cells were grown adhesively at 25°C in Schneider’s Drosophila Medium (Life Technologies), supplemented with 1x penicillin-streptomycin solution (Life Technologies) and 10% heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum (Labtech).
Extracted molecule genomic DNA
Extraction protocol For RING1B and SUZ12 cChIP-seq, 5×107 mouse ESCs (untreated and OHT-treated) were crosslinked in 10 ml 1x PBS with 2 mM DSG (Thermo Scientific) for 45 minutes at 25°C, and then with 1% formaldehyde (methanol-free, Thermo Scientific) for a further 15 minutes. Crosslinking was stopped by quenching with 125 mM glycine. Crosslinked ESCs were mixed with 2×106 human HEK293T cells, which have been similarly double-crosslinked, and incubated in lysis buffer (50 mM HEPES pH 7.9, 140 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 10% glycerol, 0.5% NP40, 0.25% Triton-X100, 1x PIC (Roche)) for 10 minutes at 4˚C. Released nuclei were washed (10 mM Tris-HCl pH 8, 200 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 0.5 mM EGTA, 1x PIC (Roche)) for 5 minutes at 4˚C. Chromatin was then resuspended in 1 ml of sonication buffer (10 mM Tris-HCl pH 8, 100 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 0.5 mM EGTA, 0.1% Na deoxycholate, 0.5% N-lauroylsarcosine, 1x PIC (Roche)) and sonicated for 30 minutes using the BioRuptor Pico (Diagenode), shearing genomic DNA to an average size of 0.5 kb. Following sonication, TritonX-100 was added to a final concentration of 1%, followed by centrifugation at 20,000 g for 10 min at 4°C to collect the clear supernatant fraction. For cChIP-seq for Pol II and its phosphorylated forms, 5×107 ESCs (untreated and OHT-treated) were crosslinked in 10 ml 1x PBS with 1% formaldehyde (methanol-free, Thermo Scientific) for 10 min at 25°C and then quenched by addition of 125 mM glycine. Cross-linked ESCs were mixed with 2×106 human HEK293T cells, which have been similarly single-crosslinked, and then incubated in FA-lysis buffer (50 mM HEPES pH 7.9, 150 mM NaCl, 2 mM EDTA, 0.5 mM EGTA, 0.5% NP40, 0.1% sodium deoxycholate, 0.1% SDS, 10 mM NaF, 1 mM AEBSF, 1×PIC) for 10 min at 4˚C. Chromatin was sonicated for 30 min using the BioRuptor Pico (Diagenode), followed by centrifugation at 20,000 g for 10 min at 4°C to collect the clear supernatant fraction. For RING1B and SUZ12 ChIP, sonicated chromatin was diluted 10-fold with ChIP dilution buffer (1% Triton-X100, 1 mM EDTA, 20 mM Tris-HCl pH 8, 150 mM NaCl, 1xPIC). For Pol II ChIP, 300 ug of chromatin per one IP was diluted in FA-lysis buffer up to a final volume of 1 ml. Diluted chromatin was pre-cleared for 1 hr using Protein A agarose beads (Repligen) that were pre-blocked with 1 mg/ml BSA and 1 mg/ml yeast tRNA. For each ChIP reaction, 1 ml of diluted and pre-cleared chromatin was incubated overnight with the appropriate antibody, anti-RING1B (CST, D22F2, 3 ul), anti-SUZ12 (CST, D39F6, 3 ul), anti-Rpb1-NTD (CST, D8L4Y, 15 μl) as a measure of total Pol II levels, anti-Rpb1-CTD-Ser5P (CST, D9N5I, 12.5 μl) and anti-Rpb1-CTD-Ser2P (CST, E1Z3G, 12.5 μl) as a measure of Pol II phosphorylation levels. To capture antibody-bound chromatin, ChIP reactions were incubated with pre-blocked protein A agarose beads (Repligen) for 2 hr (RING1B and SUZ12) or 3 hr (Pol II) at 4°C. For RING1B and SUZ12, ChIP washes were performed as described previously (Farcas et al. 2012). For Pol II, washes were performed with FA-Lysis buffer, FA-Lysis buffer containing 500 mM NaCl, DOC buffer (250 mM LiCl, 0.5% NP-40, 0.5% sodium deoxycholate, 2 mM EDTA, 10 mM Tris-HCl pH 8), followed by two washes with TE buffer (pH 8). ChIP DNA was eluted in elution buffer (1% SDS, 0.1 M NaHCO3) and cross-linking was reversed overnight at 65oC with 200 mM NaCl and 2 ul RNase A (Sigma). Matched input samples (10% of original ChIP reaction) were treated identically. The following day, ChIP samples and inputs were incubated with Proteinase K (Sigma) for at least 1.5 hr at 56°C and purified using ChIP DNA Clean and Concentrator Kit (Zymo Research). For native cChIP-seq for H2AK119ub1, H3K27me3, H3K27ac, H3K4me3, and H3K4me1, 5×107 mouse ESCs (untreated and OHT-treated) were mixed with 2×107 Drosophila SG4 cells in 1x PBS. Mixed cells were pelleted and nuclei were released by resuspending in ice-cold lysis buffer (10 mM Tris-HCl pH 8, 10 mM NaCl, 3 mM MgCl2, 0.1% NP40, 5 mM sodium butyrate, and 5 mM N-ethylmaleimide). Nuclei were then washed and resuspended in 1 ml of MNase digestion buffer (10 mM Tris-HCl pH 8.0, 10 mM NaCl, 3 mM MgCl2, 0.1% NP40, 0.25 M sucrose, 3 mM CaCl2, 10 mM sodium butyrate, 10 mM N-ethylmaleimide, and 1x PIC (Roche)). Each sample was incubated with 200 units of MNase (Fermentas) at 37°C for 5 min, followed by the addition of 4 mM EDTA to halt MNase digestion. Following centrifugation at 1500 g for 5 min at 4°C, the supernatant (S1) was retained. The remaining pellet was incubated with 300 µl of nucleosome release buffer (10 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.5, 10 mM NaCl, 0.2 mM EDTA, 10 mM sodium butyrate, 10 mM N-ethylmaleimide, and 1x PIC (Roche)) at 4°C for 1 hr, passed five times through a 27G needle using a 1 ml syringe, and spun at 1500 g for 5 min at 4°C. The second supernatant (S2) was collected and combined with the corresponding S1 sample from above. Digestion to mostly mono-nucleosomes was confirmed by agarose gel electrophoresis of purified S1/S2 DNA. For ChIP, S1/S2 nucleosomes were diluted 10-fold in Native ChIP incubation buffer (70 mM NaCl, 10 mM Tris pH 7.5, 2 mM MgCl2, 2 mM EDTA, 0.1% TritonX-100, 10 mM sodium butyrate (for H3K27ac and H3K4me3 ChIPs), 10 mM N-ethylmaleimide, and 1xPIC (Roche)). Each ChIP reaction, 1 ml of diluted nucleosomes was incubated overnight at 4oC with the appropriate antibody, anti-H2AK119ub1 (CST, D27C4, 5 ul), anti-H3K27me3 (in-house, 5 ul), anti-H3K27ac (CST, D5E4, 3 μl), anti-H3K4me3 (in-house, 4 ul) or anti-H3K4me1 (CST, D1A9, 5 ul). Antibody-bound nucleosomes were captured for 1 hr at 4°C using protein A agarose (Repligen) beads, pre-blocked in Native ChIP incubation buffer supplemented with 1 mg/ml BSA and 1 mg/ml yeast tRNA, and collected by centrifugation. Immunoprecipitated material was washed four times with Native ChIP wash buffer (20 mM Tris pH 7.5, 2 mM EDTA, 125 mM NaCl, 0.1% Triton-X100) and once with TE buffer (pH 8). ChIP DNA was eluted using 100 ul of elution buffer (1% SDS, 0.1 M NaHCO3) for 30 min at room temperature, and then purified using ChIP DNA Clean and Concentrator Kit (Zymo Research). For each ChIP sample, DNA from a matched input control (corresponding to 10% of original ChIP reaction) was purified in the same way.
cChIP-seq libraries for both ChIP and Input samples were prepared using NEBNext Ultra II DNA Library Prep Kit for Illumina, following manufacturer’s guidelines. Samples were indexed using NEBNext Multiplex Oligos. The average size and concentration of all libraries were analysed using the 2100 Bioanalyzer High Sensitivity DNA Kit (Agilent) followed by qPCR quantification using SensiMix SYBR (Bioline, UK) and KAPA Illumina DNA standards (Roche). Libraries were sequenced as 40 bp paired-end reads in biological triplicate or quadruplicate on Illumina NextSeq 500 platform.
 
Library strategy ChIP-Seq
Library source genomic
Library selection ChIP
Instrument model Illumina NextSeq 500
 
Description mESC_Bap1ff_TAM_H3K27Ac_rep4_S24
processed data file:
mESC_BAP1ff_TAM_H3K27ac_mm10.UniqMapped_sorted_rmdup_downsampled_MERGED.MACS2.bw
Data processing For cChIP-seq, Bowtie 2 was used to align paired-end reads to the concatenated mouse and spike-in genome sequences (mm10+dm6 for native cChIP-seq for histone modifications; mm10+hg19 for cross-linked cChIP-seq for Polycomb factors and Pol II) with the “--no-mixed” and “--no-discordant” options. Non-uniquely mapping reads were discarded, and PCR duplicates were removed with Sambamba.
For visualization of cChIP-seq, the data were internally calibrated using dm6 or hg19 spike-in as described previously (Fursova et al. 2019). Briefly, uniquely aligned mm10 reads were randomly subsampled based on the total number of spike-in (dm6 or hg19) reads in each sample. To account for variations in the spike-in cell mixing, we used the ratio of spike-in/mouse total read counts in the corresponding Input samples to correct the subsampling factors. After normalisation, read coverages across genomic regions of interest (RING1B peaks for H2AK119ub1, H3K27me3, RING1B and SUZ12 cChIP-seq, TSS ± 2.5 kb for H3K27ac, H3K4me3 and H3K4me1 cChIP-seq, or gene bodies for total Pol II, Ser5P- and Ser2P-Pol II cChIP-seq) were compared for individual biological replicates using multiBamSummary and plotCorrelation from deepTools. For each experimental condition, biological replicates correlated well (Pearson correlation coefficient > 0.9) and were merged for downstream analysis.
For comparative box plot analysis, genomic regions of interest were annotated with read counts from merged spike-in normalised replicates using multiBamSummary from deeptools ( “--outRawCounts”).
Genome_build: mm10; dm6; hg19
Supplementary_files_format_and_content: bigWig files showing the genome coverage for merged spike-in normalised biological replicates were generated using the pileup function from MACS2.
Supplementary_files_format_and_content: bed files containing genomic intervals that were defined as active promoters, active enhancers and intergenic active enhancers based on the high enrichment of ATAC-seq and H3K27ac cChIP-seq signal in untreated Bap1fl/fl cells and the overlap with a comprehensive set of gene annotations. H3K27ac-positive ATAC peaks overlapping with transcription start site (TSS) +/- 1 kb regions were considered to be active promoters, while H3K27ac-positive ATAC peaks located further than 1 kb away from TSS of genes were considered to be active enhancers. Active enhancers that didn't overlap with any gene bodies from our comprehensive set of gene annotations (intergenic active enhancers) were used for all the downstream analysis.
Supplementary_files_format_and_content: bed files containing coordinates for the mm10 genome segmentation using a 13-state ChromHMM model: *segments.bed is a BED4 file (chr, start, end, state name) used for read annotation and *dense.bed is a BED file used for visualisation in the UCSC Genome browser in the dense format (all genome annotations are shown on a single line with different states represented by different colors).
 
Submission date Nov 23, 2020
Last update date May 03, 2021
Contact name Nadezda A Fursova
E-mail(s) nfursova.msu@gmail.com
Organization name University of Oxford
Department Department of Biochemistry
Lab Klose lab
Street address South Parks Rd
City Oxford
ZIP/Postal code OX13QU
Country United Kingdom
 
Platform ID GPL25537
Series (2)
GSE161993 BAP1 constrains pervasive H2AK119ub1 to control the transcriptional potential of the genome [ChIP-seq]
GSE161996 BAP1 constrains pervasive H2AK119ub1 to control the transcriptional potential of the genome.
Relations
BioSample SAMN16873279
SRA SRX9555295

Supplementary data files not provided
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Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data are available on Series record

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