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Series GSE83926 Query DataSets for GSE83926
Status Public on Jun 14, 2017
Title Histone Deacetylase 3 Prepares Brown Adipose Tissue For Acute Thermogenic Challenge [ChIP-Seq, GRO-Seq]
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a thermogenic organ that requires Uncoupling Protein 1 (UCP1) to dissipate chemical energy as heat, to defend core body temperature against hypothermia, and counteract obesity and metabolic diseases1. However, the transcriptional mechanism ensuring BAT thermogenic capacity for survival prior to environmental cold is unknown. Here we show histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) is a required transcriptional regulator of BAT enhancers to ensure thermogenic aptitude and survival. Mice with genetic ablation of HDAC3 become severely hypothermic and fail to survive acute cold exposure. UCP1 is nearly absent in BAT lacking HDAC3 and there is marked down-regulation of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) genes. Remarkably, although HDAC3 canonically functions as a transcriptional corepressor2, HDAC3 functions as a coactivator of the estrogen-related receptor _ (ERR_) in BAT, and loss of HDAC3 leads to robust global down-regulation of ERRĀ±-driven enhancers. HDAC3 coactivation of ERR_ is mediated through deacetylation of PGC-1_ and is required for basal transcription of Ucp1, OXPHOS, and Pgc-1_. Thus, HDAC3 uniquely primes Ucp1 and thermogenic gene transcription to ensure immediate BAT-driven thermogenesis upon acute exposure to dangerously cold temperatures.
Overall design Interscapular BAT from wild-type and HDAC3 KO animals of C57BL/6 background were adapted to 22C or 29C (thermoneutrality) for ChIP-seq and GRO-seq studies. ChIP-seq studies of HDAC3, ERR- alpha, NCoR, and H3K27ac were performed from individual mice of each genotype and immunoprecipitations were subsequently pooled for sequencing. Nascent transcription changes and eRNAs were measured in WT and HDAC3 KO mice by GRO-seq through pooling 10 interscapular BAT pads from individual mice for nuclei isolation and subsequent nuclear-run on reactions and GRO-seq library construction.
Contributor(s) Emmett MJ, Lim H, Jager J, Won K, Lazar MA
Citation(s) 28614293
Submission date Jun 30, 2016
Last update date May 15, 2019
Contact name Hee-Woong Lim
Organization name Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Department Division of Biomedical Informatics
Street address 3333 Burnet Ave. MLC 7024
City Cincinnati
State/province Ohio
ZIP/Postal code 45229
Country USA
Platforms (3)
GPL13112 Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Mus musculus)
GPL17021 Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Mus musculus)
GPL19057 Illumina NextSeq 500 (Mus musculus)
Samples (15)
GSM2221741 ChIP-seq, BAT HDAC3, HDAC3 floxed, 29C/5pm
GSM2221742 ChIP-seq, BAT HDAC3, Adiponectin-Cre HDAC3 floxed, 29C/5pm
GSM2221743 ChIP-seq, BAT ERRa, HDAC3 floxed, 29C/5pm
This SubSeries is part of SuperSeries:
GSE83928 Histone Deacetylase 3 Prepares Brown Adipose Tissue For Acute Thermogenic Challenge
BioProject PRJNA327424
SRA SRP077663

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource 221.8 Mb (ftp)(http) BW 179.0 Mb (ftp)(http) BW
GSE83926_RAW.tar 2.7 Gb (http)(custom) TAR (of BW)
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Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data provided as supplementary file

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