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Series GSE80779 Query DataSets for GSE80779
Status Public on Feb 23, 2017
Title ENL Links Histone Acetylation to Oncogenic Gene Expression in AML
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Cancer cells are characterized by aberrant epigenetic landscapes and often exploit the chromatin machinery to activate oncogenic gene expression programs1. The recognition of modified histones by “reader” proteins constitutes a key mechanism underlying these processes; therefore targeting such pathways holds clinical promise, as exemplified by the recent development of BET bromodomain inhibitors2,3. We recently identified the YEATS domain as a novel acetyllysine-binding module4, yet its functional importance in human cancer remains unknown. Here we show that the YEATS domain-containing protein ENL, but not its paralog AF9, is required for disease maintenance in a variety of acute myeloid leukaemias (AML). CRISPR-Cas9 mediated depletion of ENL led to anti-leukemic effects, including increased terminal myeloid differentiation and suppression of leukaemia growth in vitro and in vivo. Biochemical and crystal structural studies in vitro and ChIP-seq analyses in leukaemia cells revealed that ENL binds to acetylated histone H3, and colocalizes with H3K27ac and H3K9ac on the promoters of actively transcribed genes that are essential for leukaemias. Disrupting the interaction between the YEATS domain and histone acetylation via structure-based mutagenesis reduced RNA polymerase II recruitment on ENL target genes, thus leading to suppression of oncogenic gene expression programs. Importantly, disruption of ENL’s functionality further sensitized leukaemia cells to BET inhibitors. Together, our study identifies ENL as a histone acetylation reader that regulates oncogenic transcriptional programs in AML and suggests that displacement of ENL from chromatin is a promising epigenetic therapy alone or in combination with BET inhibitors for AML
Overall design ENL_Flag, POL2, POL2S2P, H3K9ac, H3K27ac, H3K79me2, H3K79me3 ChIP-seq for MOLM13, MV411, HeLa and OCI-AML2 cells.
Contributor(s) Xi Y, Wen H, Wan L, Lyu J
Citation(s) 28241141
Submission date Apr 28, 2016
Last update date May 15, 2019
Contact name Hong Wen
Organization name Van Andel Research Institute
Department Center for Epigenetics
Street address 333 Bostwick Ave. N.E.
City Grand Rapids
State/province Michigan
ZIP/Postal code 49503
Country USA
Platforms (2)
GPL11154 Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Homo sapiens)
GPL18573 Illumina NextSeq 500 (Homo sapiens)
Samples (28)
GSM2136933 MOLM13.CDK9_Control
GSM2136935 MOLM13.ENL-F59A_Flag
BioProject PRJNA319970
SRA SRP074137

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE80779_RAW.tar 1.9 Gb (http)(custom) TAR (of WIG)
SRA Run SelectorHelp
Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data provided as supplementary file

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