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Series GSE75545 Query DataSets for GSE75545
Status Public on Dec 01, 2015
Title Urine-sample-derived human induced pluripotent stem cells as a model to study PCSK9-mediated autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a critical modulator of cholesterol homeostasis. Whereas PCSK9 gain-of-function (GOF) mutations are associated with autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia (ADH) and premature atherosclerosis, PCSK9 loss-of-function (LOF) mutations have a cardio-protective effect and in some cases can lead to familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (FHBL). However, limitations of the currently available cellular models preclude deciphering the consequences of PCSK9 mutation further. We aimed to validate urine-sample-derived human induced pluripotent stem cells (UhiPSCs) as an appropriate tool to model PCSK9-mediated ADH and FHBL. To achieve our goal, urine-sample-derived somatic cells were reprogrammed into hiPSCs by using episomal vectors. UhiPSC were efficiently differentiated into hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs). Compared to control cells, cells originally derived AQ3 from an individual with ADH (HLC-S127R) secreted less PCSK9 in the media (−38.5%; P=0.038) and had a 71% decrease (P<0.001) of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) uptake, whereas cells originally derived from an individual with FHBL (HLC-R104C/V114A) displayed a strong decrease in PCSK9 secretion (−89.7%; P<0.001) and had a 106% increase (P=0.0104) of LDL uptake. Pravastatin treatment significantly enhanced LDL receptor (LDLR) and PCSK9 mRNA gene expression, as well as PCSK9 secretion and LDL uptake in both control and S127R HLCs. Pravastatin treatment of multiple clones led to an average increase of LDL uptake of 2.19±0.77-fold in HLC-S127R compared to 1.38±0.49 fold in control HLCs (P<0.01), in line with the good response to statin treatment of individuals carrying the S127R mutation (mean LDL cholesterol reduction=60.4%, n=5). In conclusion, urine samples provide an attractive and convenient source of somatic cells for reprogramming and hepatocyte differentiation, but also a powerful tool to further decipher PCSK9 mutations and function.
Overall design Gene expression of untreated cells in culture was performed. 2 samples are from a healthy donor, 2 samples are from a patient carrying the PCSK9 S127R GOF mutation, 3 samples are hiPS reprogrammed from the healthy donor's cells and 3 samples are hiPS reprogrammed from patient's cells.
Contributor(s) Si-Tayeb K
Citation(s) 26586530
Submission date Dec 01, 2015
Last update date Nov 27, 2018
Contact name Karim Si-Tayeb
Phone +33 2 2808 0176
Organization name l'institut du thorax, UMR INSERM1087 / CNRS6291, IRS-UN
Street address 8,quai Moncousu
City Nantes
ZIP/Postal code 44007
Country France
Platforms (1)
GPL13607 Agilent-028004 SurePrint G3 Human GE 8x60K Microarray (Feature Number version)
Samples (10)
GSM1958859 Ucell-ct-1
GSM1958860 Ucell-ct-2
GSM1958861 Ucell-S127R-1
BioProject PRJNA304510

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE75545_RAW.tar 5.0 Mb (http)(custom) TAR
GSE75545_US82400123_252800418270_S01_GE2_107_Sep09_1_1.txt.gz 21.4 Mb (ftp)(http) TXT
GSE75545_US82400123_252800418270_S01_GE2_107_Sep09_1_2.txt.gz 21.4 Mb (ftp)(http) TXT
GSE75545_US82400123_252800418270_S01_GE2_107_Sep09_1_3.txt.gz 21.4 Mb (ftp)(http) TXT
GSE75545_US82400123_252800418271_S01_GE2_107_Sep09_1_2.txt.gz 21.4 Mb (ftp)(http) TXT
GSE75545_US82400123_252800418271_S01_GE2_107_Sep09_2_3.txt.gz 21.3 Mb (ftp)(http) TXT
GSE75545_US82400123_252800418271_S01_GE2_107_Sep09_2_4.txt.gz 21.2 Mb (ftp)(http) TXT
Processed data included within Sample table

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