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Series GSE68265 Query DataSets for GSE68265
Status Public on Jan 01, 2016
Title Dissection of the translational impacts of the PERK pathway
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Disruptions of protein homeostasis in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) elicit activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR), a translation- and transcription-coupled proteostatic stress response pathway. The primary translational control arm of the UPR is initiated by the PERK-dependent phosphorylation of eIF2α, leading to a large-scale reprogramming of translation and subsequent activation of an ATF4-mediated transcriptional program. It has remained challenging, however, to accurately evaluate the contribution of each component of the eIF2α/ATF4 pathway to the remodelling of transcription and translation. Here, we have used mouse embryonic fibroblasts containing either a knock-in of the non-phosphorylatable eIF2α S51A mutant or knock-out for ATF4 by ribosome profiling and mRNA-seq to define the specific contributions of eIF2α phosphoryation and ATF4 in controlling the translational and transcriptional components of the UPR. These studies show that the transcriptional and translational targets of each P-eIF2α, ATF4, and the other UPR gene expression programs overlapped extensively, leading to a core set of UPR genes whose robust expression in response to ER stress is driven by multiple mechanisms. The identification of other, more factor-specific targets illustrated the potential for functional specialization of the UPR. As the UPR progressed temporally, cells employed distinct combinations of transcriptional and translational mechanisms, initiated by different factors, to adapt to ongoing stress. These effects were accompanied by a buffering effect where changes in mRNA levels were coupled to opposing changes in ribosome loading, a property which makes cooperation between transcription and translation essential to confer robust protein expression.
Overall design Translational analysis by ribosome profiling and mRNA-seq of PERK pathways mutants during the UPR.
Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) lacking components of the PERK pathway (eIF2a phosphorylation and ATF4) were subjected to ER stress and analyzed by ribosome profiling.
Contributor(s) Reid DW, Tay AS, Shenolikar S, Nicchitta C
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Submission date Apr 24, 2015
Last update date May 15, 2019
Contact name David Reid
Organization name Duke University
Department Biochemistry
Lab Nicchitta
Street address 436 Nanaline Duke Bldg., Box 3709 DUMC
City Durham
State/province NC
ZIP/Postal code 27710
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL17021 Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Mus musculus)
Samples (120)
GSM1666805 ATF4-/- ER ribosome profiling, untreated (rep 1)
GSM1666806 ATF4-/- cytosol ribosome profiling, 0.5 h Tg (rep 1)
GSM1666807 ATF4-/- ER ribosome profiling, 0.5 h Tg (rep 1)
BioProject PRJNA282960
SRA SRP057991

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE68265_mRNA_expression.xlsx 6.4 Mb (ftp)(http) XLSX
GSE68265_translation_expression.xlsx 7.6 Mb (ftp)(http) XLSX
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Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data are available on Series record

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