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Series GSE61286 Query DataSets for GSE61286
Status Public on Dec 10, 2015
Title ACLY and ACC1 Regulate Hypoxia-Induced Apoptosis by Modulating ETV4 via α-ketoglutarate
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary In order to propagate a solid tumor, cancer cells must adapt to and survive under various tumor microenvironment (TME) stresses, such as hypoxia or lactic acidosis. To systematically identify genes that modulate cancer cell survival under stresses, we performed genome-wide shRNA screens under hypoxia or lactic acidosis. We discovered that genetic depletion of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACACA or ACC1) or ATP citrate lyase (ACLY) protected cancer cells from hypoxia-induced apoptosis. Additionally, loss of ACLY or ACC1 reduced levels and activities of the oncogenic transcription factor ETV4. Silencing ETV4 also protected cells from hypoxia-induced apoptosis and led to remarkably similar transcriptional responses as with silenced ACLY or ACC1, including an anti-apoptotic program. Metabolomic analysis found that while α-ketoglutarate levels decrease under hypoxia in control cells, α-ketoglutarate is paradoxically increased by hypoxia when ACC1 or ACLY are depleted. Supplementation with α-ketoglutarate rescued the hypoxia-induced apoptosis and recapitulated the decreased expression and activity of ETV4 via an epigenetic mechanism. Therefore, ACC1 and ACLY regulate the levels of ETV4 under hypoxia via increased α-ketoglutarate. These results reveal that ACC1/ACLY- α-ketoglutarate-ETV4 is a novel means by which metabolic states regulate transcriptional output for life vs. death decisions under hypoxia. Since many lipogenic inhibitors are under investigation as cancer therapeutics, our findings suggest that the use of these inhibitors will need to be carefully considered with respect to oncogenic drivers, tumor hypoxia, progression and dormancy. More broadly, our screen provides a framework for studying additional tumor cell stress-adaption mechanisms in the future.
Overall design DESIGN: H1975 lung cancer cells transduced with a scramble shRNA hairpin or two different shRNAs against ACLY, ACC1, or ETV4 under hypoxia.
Contributor(s) Keenan MM, Chi JA
Citation(s) 26452058
Submission date Sep 10, 2014
Last update date Dec 06, 2018
Contact name Jen-Tsan Chi
Phone 919-668-4759
Organization name Duke University
Department Molecular Genetics and Microbiology
Street address 101 Science Drive, DUMC 3382
City Durham
State/province NC
ZIP/Postal code 27708
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL571 [HG-U133A_2] Affymetrix Human Genome U133A 2.0 Array
Samples (22)
GSM1629314 shScramble_rep1
GSM1629315 shScramble_rep2
GSM1629316 shACC1-#1_rep1
BioProject PRJNA260670

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE61286_RAW.tar 45.0 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Processed data included within Sample table

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