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Series GSE50145 Query DataSets for GSE50145
Status Public on Aug 21, 2016
Title Proteasome inhibition and oxidative biochemistry are synergistic triggers of metabolic heme toxicity (part 1)
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Control of intracellular heme levels by extracellular scavenger proteins and intracellular heme oxygenases are essential functions during disease states with enhanced extracellular heme release. During severe hemolysis or rhabdomyolysis uncontrolled heme exposure can cause acute kidney injury and endothelial damage. The cytotoxic activity of heme has been primarily attributed to its pro-oxidative potential. However, the mechanisms of heme toxicity have never been systematically explored. Besides its redox reactivity, heme could also adversely alter cellular functions through its broad binding affinity to multiple non-hemoproteins. Such interactions may impair protein functions and support heme toxicity.
In this study we mapped the gene expression profile of Hb triggered acute kidney injury in old blood transfused guinea pigs by serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE). Additionally, the toxic heme response of mouse embryo fibroblasts was systematically characterized on the gene and protein expression levels by gene array experiments and quantitative mass-spectrometry of stable isotope labeled cells. In all these studies, in addition to oxidative stress signals, the most significant signals were reproducibly found for biologic networks related to altered protein degradation, which ultimately triggers the response to unfolded proteins and apoptosis. These screening data could be mechanistically explained by heme-proteasome interactions and a proteasome inhibitor activity of heme. Proteasome inhibition drastically reduced the threshold of cellular toxicity during heme exposure. We therefore propose a novel model of heme toxicity whereby proteasome inhibition by the porphyrin fuels a vicious cycle of oxidative protein modification, accumulation of damaged proteins, cell damage and apoptosis.
 
Overall design A two color common reference design was chosen with 2-4 independent biological replicates of each condition. Each experimental sample (Cy5 labeled) was hybridized against a non-treated reference sample (Cy3 labeled). To compensate for dye bias control arrays with competitively hybridized Cy3- and Cy5-labeled non-treated reference samples were used. The latter allowed for a very robust statistical analysis with pair-wise comparison of treatment array replicates versus the corresponding control array replicates.
 
Contributor(s) Schaer CA, Schaer DJ
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Submission date Aug 23, 2013
Last update date Jan 19, 2018
Contact name Christian Andreas Schaer
Organization name University Hospital Zurich
Street address Raemistrasse 100
City Zurich
ZIP/Postal code 8091
Country Switzerland
 
Platforms (1)
GPL10333 Agilent-026655 Whole Mouse Genome Microarray 4x44K v2 (Feature Number version)
Samples (43)
GSM1214686 mm3_10mcM_1h_a
GSM1214687 mm3_10mcM_1h_b
GSM1214688 mm3_10mcM_1h_c
This SubSeries is part of SuperSeries:
GSE50147 Proteasome inhibition and oxidative biochemistry are synergistic triggers of metabolic heme toxicity
Relations
BioProject PRJNA216653

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE50145_RAW.tar 187.6 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of TXT)
Processed data included within Sample table
Processed data provided as supplementary file

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