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Series GSE3589 Query DataSets for GSE3589
Status Public on Mar 14, 2006
Title Leukotriene D4- and Thrombin-Triggered Transcriptomes in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Cysteinyl leukotrienes (cysLT), i.e. LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4, are lipid mediators derived from the 5-lipoxygenase pathway. The cysLT receptors cysLT1-R and cysLT2-R are expressed on different target cells and mediate inflammatory reactions in tissue- and LT-R-specific ways. Though endothelial cells (ECs) predominantly express cysLT2-Rs, their role in vascular biology remains to be defined. To delineate cysLT2-R´s action, we stimulated human umbilical vein EC with 100 nM LTD4 for 60 min, determined gene signatures by microarrays, and characterized the resulting EC phenotypes. As controls, we compared LTD4-induced genes with those induced by 10 nM thrombin, a prototype vasoactive activator of EC that binds to protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1). Following application of stringent filters 37 LTD4-upregulated genes were identified (> 2.5fold stimulation). Surprisingly, most of the LTD4-regulated genes were also induced by thrombin and expression of cysLT2-R- and PAR-1-regulated genes strongly correlated (Pearson correlation coefficient: r = 0.90). Moreover, LTD4 + thrombin, when added together, augmented expression of LTD4- or thrombin-stimulated genes (Wilcoxon signed rank test: p < 0.01). Prominently induced genes that may play roles in vascular injury were studied in detail: Early growth response (EGR) and nuclear receptor subfamily 4 group A; E-selectin; CXC ligand 2; interleukin 8 (IL-8); a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease (reprolysin type) with thrombospondin type 1 motif 1 (ADAMTS-1); and tissue factor (TF). Transcripts of these genes peaked at approximately 60 min, were unaffected by the cysLT1-R antagonist montelukast, and were superinduced by cycloheximide. The EC phenotype was markedly altered: LTD4 induced de novo synthesis of EGR1 protein and EGR1 localized in the nucleus in LTD4-stimulated cells; LTD4 upregulated IL-8 formation and secretion; and LTD4 raised TF protein and TF-dependent EC pro-coagulant activity. These data show that cysLT2-R activation results in a pro-inflammatory EC phenotype through activation of immediate-early genes that resemble those induced by PAR-1. As LTD4 and thrombin are formed concomitantly during vascular injury and pro-thrombotic states, cysLT2-R and PAR-1 may collaborate in vivo to mediate vascular injury and repair.
Keywords: Leukotriene Transcriptome, Thrombin Transcriptome, HUVEC, Immediate-Early Gene Expression, Cysteinyl Leukotriene 2 Receptor Gene Signature in HUVEC
Overall design HUVEC in passage 1 were cultured in serum-free EC medium until cells reached confluency. HUVEC were stimulated by 100 nM LTD4 (n = 4) or 10 nM thrombin (n = 4) or both agonists concomitantly (n = 3). The immediate-early gene programs of these experimental groups were identified at 60 minutes. In addition, one HUVEC preparation was stimulated with 100 nM LTD4 for 6 h and 24 h.
Citation(s) 16606835
Submission date Nov 10, 2005
Last update date Aug 10, 2018
Contact name Andreas Johann Richard Habenicht
Organization name Ludwig Maximilians Universität München
Department Medicine
Lab Institute for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention
Street address Pettenkoferstraße 9a
City Munich
State/province Bavaria
ZIP/Postal code 80336
Country Germany
Platforms (1)
GPL96 [HG-U133A] Affymetrix Human Genome U133A Array
Samples (21)
GSM27929 HUVEC-rep2-control-1h
GSM27930 HUVEC-rep2-LTD4-1h
GSM82525 HUVEC-rep1-control-1h
BioProject PRJNA93683

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