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Series GSE127833 Query DataSets for GSE127833
Status Public on Mar 06, 2019
Title Derivation of functional oocytes from granulosa cells
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Limited oocyte and ovarian reserve in vivo or chemo-therapy leads to reproductive aging or premature aging and associated diseases including infertility. Excitingly, oocytes have been successfully derived from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by ectopic expression of transcription factors, showing great potential in fertility preservation or restoration. The accessible granulosa cells are a type of somatic cells that interact and evolve with oocyte development during folliculogenesis. Further, with stem cells-like property, granulosa cells are amenable to reprogramming to generate iPSCs and have been the first used for clone animals. These prompted us to explore the potential of granulosa cells in derivation of germ cells. Meanwhile, the strict genome fidelity required for germ cells inspired us to test reprograming by complete small chemicals, which avoids genetic manipulation, cell transfection and destruction of embryos. Here we show that somatic granulosa cells of adult mouse ovaries can be converted to germ cells and functional oocytes that reproduce fertile pups. We are able to consistently induce granulosa cells to pluripotent state (gPSCs) like ESCs in both developmental competence and molecular signatures. Notably, crotonic sodium-facilitated crotonylation is critical not only for pure small chemicals-based reprogramming of granulosa cells to gPSCs, but also confers the gPSCs with high germline capacity. Consequently, the gPSCs and the derived primordial germ-cell like cells hold longer telomeres and maintain high genomic stability which is critical for germ cells. Taken together, we efficiently generate high quality gPSCs and functional oocytes from adult granulosa cells by significantly improving chemical reprograming approach.
 
Overall design We collected GCs, MEFs and 16D reprogramming cells (also called XEN-like cells) to do RNA-sequence experiment to analyze which cell type is more closely to XEN-like cells in transcriptome. We collected 28D reprogramming cells with or without crotonic acid to do RNA-sequence experiment to analyze how CA can promote gPSCs generation. We collected six gCiPS cell lines, GCs and ESCs to analyze different quality of gPSC cell lines in transcriptome. We collected ESCs, gPSC4, ESC-EpiLCs, gPSC4-EpiLCs, ESC-PGCLCs, gPSC4-PGCLCs and E12.5 PGCs to do RNA-sequence experiment to analyze the process of PGCLCs induction from ESCs or gPSCs.
 
Contributor(s) Tian C
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Submission date Mar 05, 2019
Last update date Mar 14, 2019
Contact name Chenglei Tian
E-mail(s) chenglei.tian@sund.ku.dk
Organization name Copenhagen University
Lab Human Stem Cell Biology
Street address 3B Blegdamsvej
City Copenhagen
ZIP/Postal code 2200
Country Denmark
 
Platforms (2)
GPL21273 HiSeq X Ten (Mus musculus)
GPL23479 BGISEQ-500 (Mus musculus)
Samples (39)
GSM3639565 GC_1
GSM3639566 GC_2
GSM3639567 MEF_Rep1
Relations
BioProject PRJNA525610
SRA SRP187528

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE127833_ChengleiTian_RNAseq_All_samples_FPKM.xlsx 14.9 Mb (ftp)(http) XLSX
SRA Run SelectorHelp
Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data are available on Series record

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