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Series GSE126815 Query DataSets for GSE126815
Status Public on Feb 10, 2021
Title Antibody-neutralizable major early driver of Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) are the two most common forms of dementia, neither of which can be effectively treated. There is growing evidence on vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia such as AD, but their pathogenic molecular links are not defined yet. Notably, neurofibrillary tangles made of hyperphosphorylated tau (P-tau) are a hallmark lesion of AD, but are not found in VaD. Although brain ischemia induces some tau changes and tau knockout reduces stroke-induced acute brain damage, little is known about the role of tau in mediating progression from vascular insufficiency to later development of VaD. Cis P-tau is a pre-tangle pathology in AD and an early driver of neurodegeneration resulting from brain injury, but its role in AD treatment or in VaD is unknown. Here we identify cis P-tau as an antibody-neutralizable major common early driver of AD and VaD. We show that cis P-tau elimination using cis antibody not only prevents, but also treats AD-like neurodegeneration and memory loss in a hTau mouse model of AD. Purified cis P-tau causes and spreads neurodegeneration with behavioral changes when injected into wild-type mouse brains, but is prevented by cis antibody. Surprisingly, we also find robust cis P-tau with no evidence of tau tangles in human VaD brains and a mouse model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion that mimics key aspects of clinical VaD. Cis mAb treatment of hypoperfusive mice for 1 or 6 months blocks VaD-like neuropathological and functional outcomes. Single-cell transcriptomic profiling reveals that cerebral hypoperfusion induces numerous global changes in diverse brain cells including those of human AD brains. Remarkably, ~90% of these global changes are fully recovered with cis antibody, correlating with tau expression in cells. Thus, cis P-tau is a major common early driver of AD and VaD, and cis antibody has a potential role in the early detection, prevention and treatment of these devastating diseases.
Overall design single cell RNA-seq from brain cortex treated with sham, BCAS + IgG or BCAS + Cis Ptau mAb; BioProject PRJNA521781; SRP185522

BCAS: bilateral common carotid artery stenosis. This model involves the bilateral placement of permanent external microcoils (0.18 mm diameter) around the common carotid arteries to reduce parenchymal cerebral blood flow by ~50% especially in the subcortical brain region, although cerebral blood flow recovers with time notably to the cortical surficial region. This model of prolonged cerebral hypoperfusion is commonly used to mimic key aspects of clinical VaD including chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, white matter changes and working memory deficits.
Contributor(s) Qiu C, Lu KP
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BioProject PRJNA521781
Submission date Feb 20, 2019
Last update date Feb 12, 2021
Contact name Chenxi Qiu
Organization name Harvard Medical School
Street address NRB 858, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur
City Boston
State/province MA
ZIP/Postal code 02115
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL24247 Illumina NovaSeq 6000 (Mus musculus)
Samples (9)
GSM3613870 Sham-R1
GSM3613871 Sham-R2
GSM3613872 Sham-R3
SRA SRP185522

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE126815_RAW.tar 202.0 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of TSV)
GSE126815_Unique_barocde_sequences.txt.gz 683.5 Kb (ftp)(http) TXT
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Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data provided as supplementary file

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