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Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed®) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; 2006-.

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Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed®) [Internet].

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Last Revision: June 20, 2022.

Estimated reading time: 1 minute

CASRN: 81093-37-0

image 135014686 in the ncbi pubchem database

Drug Levels and Effects

Summary of Use during Lactation

Levels of pravastatin in milk are low, but no relevant published information exists with its use during breastfeeding. The consensus opinion is that women taking a statin should not breastfeed because of a concern with disruption of infant lipid metabolism. However, others have argued that children homozygous for familial hypercholesterolemia are treated with statins beginning at 1 year of age, that statins have low oral bioavailability, and risks to the breastfed infant are low, especially with pravastatin and rosuvastatin.[1] Until more data become available, an alternate drug may be preferred, especially while nursing a newborn or preterm infant.

Drug Levels

Maternal Levels. Eleven lactating women who were not breastfeeding were given 20 mg of pravastatin orally twice daily for 2.5 days. Serum and milk samples were taken at various times after the 5th dose and analyzed for pravastatin and its active metabolite. Peak milk levels averaged 3.9 mcg/L for pravastatin and 2.1 mcg/L for its metabolite. The authors suggested that negligible levels were excreted into breast milk, but that benefits and risks should be carefully considered.[2] Using the peak levels above, a fully breastfed infant would receive a maximum of 900 ng/kg daily with this dosage or about 0.13% of the maternal weight-adjusted dosage.

Two women were receiving oral pravastatin 10 mg daily during pregnancy. Two milk samples from each woman were obtained between 69.3 and 130 hours after their previous doses. Pravastatin was undetectable (<5 ng/L) in all the samples.[3]

Infant Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects in Breastfed Infants

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects on Lactation and Breastmilk

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Alternate Drugs to Consider

Cholestyramine, Colesevelam, Colestipol


Holmsen ST, Bakkebo T, Seferowicz M, et al. Statins and breastfeeding in familial hypercholesterolaemia. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2017;137:686–7. [PubMed: 28551957]
Pan H, Fleiss P, Moore L, et al. Excretion of pravastatin, an HMG CoA reductase inhibitor, in breast milk of lactating women. J Clin Pharmacol. 1988;28:942. Abstract.
Saito J, Kaneko K, Abe S, et al. Pravastatin concentrations in maternal serum, umbilical cord serum, breast milk and neonatal serum during pregnancy and lactation: A case study. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2022;47:703–6. [PubMed: 34951046]

Substance Identification

Substance Name


CAS Registry Number


Drug Class

Breast Feeding


Milk, Human

Anticholesteremic Agents

Antilipemic Agents

Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors

Disclaimer: Information presented in this database is not meant as a substitute for professional judgment. You should consult your healthcare provider for breastfeeding advice related to your particular situation. The U.S. government does not warrant or assume any liability or responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the information on this Site.

Copyright Notice

Attribution Statement: LactMed is a registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Bookshelf ID: NBK501357PMID: 30000416


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